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Cordyline, or ti, are common decorative plants that thrive outdoors in hardiness zones 9-12 but also make excellent houseplants. The name Cordyline originates from Greek; the word kordyle, meaning “club,” is a reference to the plant’s enlarged underground stems. Cordyline typically has leathery leaves shaped like a spear or lance with a variety of colors, including green, red, yellow, white, purple, and purplish-red. Caring for these plants indoors is simple and straightforward, but they must be kept warm, and they need a lot of light. If you plant them outside, do so in the spring.

Some species in this group have fragrant flowers followed by berries. The moderate-growing plant will produce white, pink, or pale lavender flowers that are cup-shaped and sweet-smelling. They bloom in early summer and then small berries will appear after the flowers. It’s more typical for flowering to occur in outdoor varieties, but flowers can appear on houseplants.

Botanical Name Cordyline terminalis
Common Name Cordyline, Hawaiian ti plant
Plant Type Evergreen shrub
Mature Size 2-4 ft. tall and wide
Sun Exposure Full-sun, partial sun
Soil Type Well-draining
Soil pH Neutral to Acidic, 6-6.5
Bloom Time Summer
Flower Color White, pink, lavender
Hardiness Zones 9-12 (USDA)
Native Area Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia
Toxicity Non-toxic to humans, highly toxic to dogs and cats